Crohn’s disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease where the immune system attacks the walls of the digestive tract, causing inflammation and pain throughout the tract. This can lead to severe symptoms including abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea, bloody stools, mouth sores, and weight loss. These symptoms occur when the disease flares up. People with Crohn’s don’t always deal with flare ups daily, flare ups can happen once a week, a month, or even once a year. When a flare up hasn’t happened for a while, this means that the disease is in remission.
The cause for Crohn’s disease is still unknown, but researchers have discovered other theories that may relate to the root of the condition. Even though the cause for the disease is unknown, researchers have found risk factors that may align with the diagnosis. These risk factors include smoking, age, heredity, and medication.
There are many options that can help relieve pain when flare ups occur. The right medication can help reduce inflammation in the bowel. Some medication should be taken only when a flare up occurs, while other medications are designed to be taken routinely. Having a diet plan can also help reduce inflammation. It is important to understand and remember which foods can cause a flare up and which foods can help reduce inflammation. People with Crohn’s should avoid foods that are high in fiber, sugar, and fried foods.
While there is currently no cure for Crohn’s disease, with proper treatment, people can live a normal active lifestyle and be symptom free for many years.
Read more about living with Crohn’s disease